At present a building research project under the direction of Prof. Thekla Schulz-Brize (OTH/ University of applied Science Regensburg) and in cooperation with the Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage (CACH) is being prepared. Its aim is to profoundly examine the Liao-time architecture in North-eastern China and to do research on new aspects.
A group of four scientists and experts (‘Bauforscher’, surveyors and conservators) visited China from the 23rd of October to the 1st of November. The purpose of the visit was to carefully plan the costly procedure on site together with the Chinese colleagues, and to apply to a German investor for financial resources.
The tight schedule of the visit led the party in particularly to the Fengguo-Temple in Yixian (Province Liaoning) and to the Guanyin Pavilion of the Dule Temple in Jixian (Province Tianjin). The about one-thousand-year-old buildings will be the centre of the investigation. With their complex and refined structures they can be regarded as Chinese Architecture at it’s cultural height.
The décors of the buildings, especially the mural paintings and sculptures, show grave damages and require immediate attention. The restoration and conservation measures should by all means include a close examination of the entire buildings.
Based on the latest surveying techniques, issues of historical architecture research will be discussed regarding the methods, which are, as of yet, not commonly used in China. Hereby we expect to be able to draw conclusions as to the skilful architectural constructions, the set up of the Bracketing system as well as to the issues of design and standardization of individual construction elements. By comparing the properties of the buildings and associating them with others of the same period of time, we hope to acquire more knowledge on the special und unique features of the Liao-time architecture.
The planned project is to start in mid-2014.
We gratefully thank the DAI (German Archaeological Institute) and the Funding Programme for Project-Related Academic Exchange of the Bavarian Academic Centre for China for their financial support for the visit to China.